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In the current rapid growth of China's wind power industry to maintain an appropriate scale of growth, how to treat the significance and purpose of the two "approach" release? What impact will it have on the development of China's wind power industry? The reporter interviewed Yi Yuechun, deputy chief engineer of the Hydropower Planning and Design Institute, and deputy director of the State Wind Power Information Center.
Improve industrial management system and form closed-loop management
In 1986, the first wind farm in China opened the prelude to the development of the wind power industry. However, it was not until the first national wind power work conference in Xiangshan, Beijing was held in 2003 that the history of the wind power industry in China was truly rewritten, and the industrial development entered the fast lane. In the past ten years, the wind power industry has developed rapidly. The 2015 development target has been increased by 100 million kilowatts from the initial set of 5 million kilowatts.
With the development of other emerging industries, the process of industrial development is also the process of continuous construction and improvement of the industrial management system. As an industry expert with many years of experience, Yi Yuechun believes that in the past decade, the wind power industry was at an initial stage of growth. Therefore, the current wind power industry's pre-management system is relatively complete, which is in line with the stage of industrial development.
â€œHow do owners implement pre-feasibility studies and feasibility studies? How do government agencies approve and manage wind power projects? How do equipment products design and certify? These management work have all formed relatively complete management systems.â€ Yi Yuechun said, â€œBut wind power The management of the field development and construction process seems to have yet to be strengthened."
At present, the management of the development and construction of wind farms mainly depends on the consciousness of the enterprises, and the related government functional departments participate in the management. Therefore, to a certain extent, whether the relevant approval requirements and management requirements in the process of wind farm development and construction are In place, there is indeed a lack of management.
"If the responsible person of the development enterprise attaches importance to the process and quality management, then the chance of problems in the development and construction is relatively small. However, some companies are very concerned about the approval process and ignore the construction process, it may bring a variety of problems and hidden dangers." Yue Chun said that the issuance of the two "management methods" is to make up for the lack of management of the wind power industry in the later period and establish a relatively strict management system that is conducive to process control, thus further improving the closed-loop management of the wind power industry. Formed a relatively complete industrial management system from the early to late stage of the wind power industry.
It is not difficult to see that the timely issuance of the two "management measures" is also the result of the industry's adjustment by the industry's competent authorities - "going from the pursuit of speed to the pursuit of quality" and the management of the perfect. At the initial stage of industrial development, the industry pays more attention to the pre-construction, that is, to make the project first. However, with the development of the industry and the emergence of some contradictions, it is imperative to improve the management system and highlight the power of management.
Encouraging enterprises, avoiding weaknesses, summing up and improving
Yi Yuechun told reporters: â€œIn fact, many mainstream wind power development companies currently carry out different levels of completion acceptance management and post-evaluation management work. This is issued by the National Energy Administration in the form of documents, further clarifying these two items. The importance of work and the country's attitude."
The issuance of the regulations requires the development company to actively implement the pre-approval requirements, carry out the completion acceptance and post-evaluation work, and evaluate and summarize the previous management requirements for the follow-up work and projects. Reference. â€œComplete acceptance and post-evaluation work for enterprises, the benefits are reflected in two aspects. First, pay attention to project sustainability and economy, if the pre-phase work is not in place, the evaluation of power generation, cost levels can reflect the problem, there are It is conducive to timely adjustments and constant corrections; the second is to pay attention to the construction process of the project, which areas are prone to problems, and can avoid weaknesses in the future development and construction management, and propose improvement measures.â€ Yi Yuechun said.
It is understood that the "Interim Measures for the Completion of Wind Farm Projects Management" fully takes into account the relatively small scale characteristics of wind farms compared to thermal power projects, hydropower projects, etc., and decentralize powers appropriately so as to give full play to the subjective initiative of enterprises. Project acceptance is determined by project owners. , And set up an acceptance committee, sum up the acceptance experience, implement the record management, report to the project approval department, and copy the national wind power information center.
The purpose of the post-evaluation is to evaluate whether the investment behavior of the enterprise has reached the initial standard, and the implementation is also based on the enterprise. The Interim Measures for the Administration of Post-evaluation of Wind Farm Projects requires that third-party agencies conduct one year after the wind farm is completed and accepted for operation. Through the comparison and analysis of the main contents of the project feasibility study report and project approval documents with the actual situation after the completion of the project, the project construction results and lessons learned are timely summarized and analyzed to supervise the project owners to continuously improve the construction management level and investment. The level of decision-making. Among them, the main content of the post-evaluation highlights the project investment cost analysis and economic efficiency evaluation, wind farms major equipment operation and quality evaluation, project grid-connected operation and market consumption situation evaluation and so on. The post-evaluation results also require the implementation of record management, reporting to the project approval department, and copying to the National Wind Power Information Center.
Informationization promotes the refinement of industrial management
According to Yi Yuechun, the timely release of the â€œtwo approachesâ€ collected valuable experience and summary information for the management of the national wind power industry from an industry perspective. "Information gathering will be an important driver for the development of the industry. Through the analysis of data, the industry authorities can strengthen management more specifically and provide the basis for government decision-making departments to formulate and improve relevant policies and measures.
It is understood that the National Wind Power Information Center currently publishes regular national wind power statistics reports every year, but these statistical data are mainly wind power approval, construction, operation status and data. In the future, with the acceptance of wind farms and the start of post-project evaluation work, their information data will be refined and analyzed, from which industry management issues, loopholes, and related recommendations will be discovered, so that industry management will be improved.
â€œThe wind power industry changes from the pursuit of speed to the pursuit of quality, from the pursuit of installed capacity to the pursuit of power generation, both the scale and efficiency, and further strengthen the management needs of data support.â€ Yi Yuechun said, â€œThese jobs may have a gradually accepted The process of starting these companies at the beginning may be a bit of a hassle, but I believe we will gradually realize the management improvements and benefits that we bring to the company."
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